Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Posted by e-Medical PPT
What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome(IBS)?
A group of functional bowel disorders
Chronic abdominal complaints without a structural or biochemical cause
Constitutes a major health problem with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms
The cause of IBS is unknown.
Affects up to ~20 % adults in the industrialized world
The condition is more frequent in women.
The direct medical costs of IBS are ~ $ US 8 billion in the US each year.

Symptoms of IBS
Abdominal discomfort and pain
Bloating, mucous in stools, diarrhea, constipation, or alternating diarrhea and constipation
Depression, anxiety or stress
IBS can be subdivided into
Diarrhea-predominant (IBS-D)
Constipation-predominant (IBS-C)
Alternating diarrhea and constipation

Subclassification of patients
Supportive symptoms of IBS
  1. Fewer than 3 bowel movements a week
  2. More than 3 bowel movements a day
  3. Hard or lumpy stools
  4. Loose or watery stools
  5. Urgency
  6. Feeling of incomplete bowel movement
  7. Passing mucus during a bowel movement
  8. Abdominal fullness, bloating or swelling
Diarrhea-predominant IBS (IBS-D) - One or more of 2, 4 or 6 and none of 1, 3 or 5
Constipation-predominant IBS (IBS-C) - One or more of 1, 3 or 5 and none of 2, 4 or 6

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