Benign joint hypermobility syndrome

Posted by e-Medical PPT
Hypermobility syndrome, benign joint hypermobility syndrome describes joints that stretch abnormally.It can affect a single joint or multiple joints throughout the body.Hypermobility may also be symptomatic of a serious medical condition, such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Marfan syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, osteogenesis imperfecta, lupus, polio, Down syndrome, morquio syndrome, cleidocranial dysostosis or myotonia congenita.Hypermobility generally results from one or more of the following:
    * Misaligned joints
    * Abnormally-shaped ends of one or more bones at a joint
    * A Type 1 collagen or other connective tissue defect (found in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Marfan syndrome) resulting in weakened ligaments, muscles & tendons.
Hypermobility syndrome is generally considered to comprise hypermobility together with other symptoms, such as myalgia and arthralgia. It is relatively common among children and affects more females than males.
People with hypermobility syndrome may develop other conditions caused by their unstable joints. These conditions include:
    * Joint instability causing frequent sprains, tendinitis, or bursitis when doing activities that would not affect the normal individual
    * Early-onset osteoarthritis
    * Subluxations or dislocations, especially in the shoulder
    * Knee pain
    * Back pain, prolapsed discs or spondylolisthesis
    * Joints that make clicking noises
    * Susceptibility to whiplash
    * Temperomandibular Joint Syndrome
    * Increased nerve compression disorders (i.e. carpal tunnel syndrome)
Joint hypermobility syndrome needs to be distinguished from other disorders that share many common features, such as Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, and osteogenesis imperfecta. Hypermobility is diagnosed using the Beighton Criteria.

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